Cuzco (Cusco) at
11,200 ft. above sea level in the Andes Mountains in Southern
Peru. According to Inca legend, the city was founded in the 12th
century by the first Inca named Manco Capac, who was said to be
the son of the sun. Archeologists believe the city was
originally settled earlier by the Wari people, perhaps as long
ago as the 8th century.
Cuzco was developed, under the Inca Pachacutec, into a complex
urban centre with distinct religious and administrative
functions. It was surrounded by clearly delineated areas for
agricultural, artisan and industrial production. When the
Spaniards conquered it in the 16th century, they preserved the
basic structure but built Baroque churches and palaces over the
ruins of the Inca city.
The Incas' engineering medium was
stone. They didn't need to use mortar to hold the walls in place.
Instead, they used precise geometry to cut the stones and create
Cuzco is the starting point for trekking and other
activities. The Madre de Dios jungle and the Manu National
Reserve can be reached by air through Puerto Maldonado or
through Tambopata in Puno. Rafting the Vilcanota and Apurimac
river, taking the train to Machu Picchu or trekking through the
Inca Trail are some of the many activities there are, starting
Four archaeological sites that
Sacsayhuaman Fortress, amazing and huge stone
construction, this place has a great cosmic energy: that
is why people think it was an astronomic observatory and
an Inca oracle.
Q’enqo, a place that was
used for worship and ceremonial center.
a small red fortress
or the Inca’s bath, spring of crystalline water
"Few places on earth are as
beautiful as the Peruvian Highlands. Arriving by dawn at Cuzco,
the whitewashed town pulses into a golden light. It feels as if
the sun is like a heart, filling the ancient Inca capital with
life. The serrated brown hills around disgorge ruins. Yet while
their monuments are everywhere, the vision of the people who
built them is more difficult to grasp. However, such ancient
sites are capable of reminding us of the diversity of human
understanding." Toby Green.
Cuzco Panorama View,
Sacsayhuaman, Inca fortress, was constructed from gigantic
One stone block is 28 feet high and weighs 300 tons (equivalent to the weight of about 300
Three massive parallel walls, built in a zig-zag pattern, were
part of the defensive fortress.
daughter Lianella. September 2003.
Stone of twelve angles Puzzle: 22