Cuzco Panorama View


Cuzco (Cusco), the Empire Inca Capital, is located at 11,200 ft. above sea level in the Andes Mountains in Southern Peru. According to Inca legend, the city was founded in the 12th century by the first Inca named Manco Capac, who was said to be the son of the sun. Archeologists believe the city was originally settled earlier by the Wari people, perhaps as long ago as the 8th century.

Cuzco was developed, under the Inca Pachacutec, into a complex urban centre with distinct religious and administrative functions. It was surrounded by clearly delineated areas for agricultural, artisan and industrial production. When the Spaniards conquered it in the 16th century, they preserved the basic structure but built Baroque churches and palaces over the ruins of the Inca city.

The Incas' engineering medium was stone. They didn't need to use mortar to hold the walls in place. Instead, they used precise geometry to cut the stones and create tight joints.

See also: The Incas

 

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Last updated: September 22, 2007