The Paracas culture was a Pre-Inca society between approximately 750 BCE and
100 CE that developed in the Paracas Peninsula, located in what today is the
Paracas District of the Pisco Province in the Ica Region, Peru.
Most of our information about the lives of the
Paracas people comes from excavations at the large seaside Paracas
necropolis, first investigated by the Peruvian archaeologist Julio Tello in
The necropolis consisted of multitudes of large
subterranean burial chambers, with an average capacity of about forty
mummies. It is theorized that each large chamber would be owned by a
specific family or clan, who would place their dead ancestors in the burial
over the course of many generations. Each mummy was bound with cord to hold
it in place, and then wrapped in many layers of incredibly intricate,
ornate, and finely woven textiles.
textile art is considered as the best of all ancient cultures. They used
vicuņa wool or cotton; harmonious and with many colors, animal designs,
anthropomorphous and geometric, some included feathers.
One of the main reasons why the Paracas Culture
is well known is for the quality of its textiles, especially those belonging
to the "Paracas Necropolis" period, dating from 500 BC and constituting an
exceptionally beautiful expression of this culture.
As from the period of the Spanish conquest, the existence of these textiles,
used as bartering items for diplomatic and military negotiations, as well as
votive offerings in religious ceremonies and death shrouds, has been amply
It is important to stress that these textiles are constantly associated with
circles of power. The most important rulers owned a greater number of them
during their life, and were buried with a greater number at their death.
Thus they may be considered to be a symbol of wealth. In some religious
rites, textile items were actually "sacrificed", showing their primordial
importance in the Paracas Culture.
Paracas employed methods to alter the shape of the skull, elongating it with
weights and boards, to connote social status. Many of the skulls found in
the Paracas Necropolis have stretched and sloped craniums.
The Paracas people also practiced a crude form of brain surgery called
trepanation. Like medieval physicians, who believed bloodletting aimed at
the forehead was a cure-all, Paracas doctors surgically drilled holes in the
skull to treat both physical trauma and, it seems, psychological disorders.
The formation of scar tissue indicates that many of the patients actually
survived the operations, although, of course, it's impossible to say how
their physical or behavioral problems were affected.
Geometric Art: Table of
Tessellation and Geometric Art
The Oscar and Geometry Art.
Mushroom and Geometry Art.
Torino Games and Geometry Art.
and Geometry Art.
Superman and Geometry Art.
Spider-Man and Geometry Art.
Star Wars and Geometric Art.
of Narnia. Geometric Art.
The Lord of the Rings. Geometric Art.
School of Athens Pythagoras, Euclid,
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and more together!
dreams. Inspirational poem.
Ehrmann's Poem for a
way of life.
Poema de Ehrmann para una forma de vida.
The Road Not Taken
Robert Frost's poem about choices and
- Rudyard Kipling' Poem.
Nobel Prize 1907.
If (Spanish version)
If - Math Humor,
High School version.
On Children a poem by Kahlil Gibran.
The Raft of the Medusa
interpretation of Gericault's famous painting with Fractals.
The Raft of the
Medusa - Balsa de la Medusa (Spanish version)
The Raft of the Medusa
Archimedes & Rhombicuboctahedron
Experiencing Geometry Poem
Top Ten Reasons
to Enjoy Geometry
Euler and his beautiful and extraordinary formula
The Landscape of Geometry Terms
Machu Picchu and Geometric Art
The Lord of
Sipan and Geometric Art
Sierpinski Triangle and Machu Picchu
Animation. Mystery on the
Lines, the Monkey. Geometric Art.