Archimedes (287 - 212 B.C.) was born
at Syracuse of Sicily as a son of the astronomer Pheidias. He learnt from the disciples of the mathematician Euclid
when he was young. Archimedes is considered one of the three
greatest mathematicians of all time (together with Newton and
According to "The Works of Archimedes"
by T. L. Heath, Cambridge 1897, Archimedes' works included "On the Sphere and Cylinder",
"On the Measurement of a Circle", "On Conoids and Spheroids",
"On Spirals", "On the Equilibriums of Planes", "The
Sand-reckoner", "Quadrature of the parabola", "On Floating Bodies", "Book of
Lemmas" and "The Method".
In the book "Book of Lemmas",
attributed by Thabit ibn-Qurra to Archimedes, there were 15
propositions on circles, with the first proposition referred in the subsequent
fifth and sixth propositions. The statements in
"Book of Lemmas" do not seem to concur to a central theme.
Video: "Archimedes" 3.14159 is Close Enough
Archimedes 3.14159 is Close Enough.
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